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The Normans

We did projects on the Normans about two weeks ago. We learned that the Normans were descended from Vikings. The Normans invaded England in 1066 AD and they arrived in Ireland in 1169 AD. They divided Ireland into counties. Names like Fitzpatrick and Fitzgerald are Norman names.

The Normans first built the motte and bailey castles. The large piece of earth was called the motte. The top was flattened and the keep would be built on top of it. The keep would have about two floors. The lords’ and ladies’ private chambers were on the second or third floor, the great hall was on the first floor.

Later the Normans upgraded to stone castles. Stone castles had a trench of water surrounding the castle. People often came there to trade.Towns and villages grew up around these castles. Kilkenny Castle is an example of a stone castle built by the Normans. Strongbow originally built a wooden castle on that site in 1172. Around 30 years later, his son-in-law, the Earl of Pembroke built the first stone castle. Three of this castle's original four towers survive today.

Thank you for reading, we hope you enjoyed!

By Amber, Chloe and Annmarie